For years, the world was looking to the future of the fifth generation, the next generation of wireless networks, as a solution to the growing demands of mobile phone data and gateway to the reality of tangled toasters and cars that drive cars and robotic surgeons, but as spread spread, a wave of alarms emerged. Will 5G achieve new levels of connectivity or unprecedented risk? Many doubts have been focused on Huawei Technologies, China’s largest technology company, to which the US Justice Department charged in January with charges including industrial espionage. President Donald Trump is considering further moves to keep Huawei away from 5G in the United States. Some telecom operators fear that severe repression could lead to higher prices or a halt in supply.
What is 5G?
5G simply means fifth generation mobile networks or fifth generation wireless systems. The technology will be the fourth generation, the current front-end network technology that was commercially launched in 2009. The fifth generation may be 100 times faster than 4G, with speeds up to 10 Gbps. This will allow you to download a long-lasting HD movie in seconds. 5G Phones will also enlarge transmission speed and entire bandwidth, which will be required to meet the additional demand for Internet Things: the growing number of things ranging from refrigerators to traffic signals to collars that send and receive data.
What are security concerns?
Everywhere of the new system. 5G is not easier to hack than its predecessors, but it will eventually connect many more devices than in the past, so protection against external malicious forces become a major concern. Some countries are concerned that China’s 5G chip hardware and software may be equipped to spy on other countries. In August, Australia banned Huawei and ZTE Corp from supplying 5G wireless devices to their telecom operators, citing national security. Verizon and AT & T have abandoned competition for plans to sell Huawei phones. In March, Trump prevented Broadcom Ltd from acquiring Qualcomm Inc. , The biggest maker of mobile phone chips, on concerns that the merger will help China make progress in the race to develop 5G.
What's going on in terms of security?
Governments in the United Kingdom, Germany, France and elsewhere are considering whether to restrict Chinese equipment to new networks, as Trump’s administration is stepping up efforts by major allies to ban Huawei. Trump is also considering an executive order to create barriers to the company’s business in the United States. Separately, the FCC is considering banning certain federal subsidies for network equipment from companies suspected of posing a threat to national security, such as Huawei. Some small rural operators use Huawei network equipment, because of their low cost.
How dangerous are the risks?
According to US officials UU. , And even more than current technology, control of 5G networks can allow the enemy to cause massive industrial sabotage and social collapse. While existing wireless systems connect some devices such as our phones and computers, the 5G is a wireless rich environment where billions of chips, sensors, cameras, electronic devices and devices that surround us will be interconnected from one side to the other. By 2024, the amount of data transmitted by mobile networks will be five times greater than current data, and 5G networks will cover more than 40% of the world’s population, according to Ericsson AB, the Swedish wireless network manufacturer. It is estimated that more than 22 billion devices will be connected to the Internet by 2024.
What do other officials worry about?
Espionage, especially about alleged ties between Huawei and Chinese intelligence agencies. EU Digital President Andrews Ansip has urged companies to reconsider partnerships with Chinese companies because of the 2017 intelligence law that any organization and citizen should help spy agencies in Beijing investigate. While there is no clear evidence that the company’s products have been compromised, it is very difficult to know for sure, a risk the United States argues is too large for vital infrastructure such as 5G Phones.
What does Huawei say?
Huawei has repeatedly rejected accusations that it is a facilitator of Chinese espionage and said the company’s status without listing blacklisting would hurt industry and interrupt new high-speed technology. Despite fear and speculation, there is no convincing evidence that national security is in danger, according to Huawei. The company was given a legal opinion to analyze the results of the 2017 Act and said it did not require Huawei to cooperate with state intelligence if it ran counter to the legitimate rights and interests of individuals and organizations. The founder of billionaire Huawei, Ren Zhengfei, used a rare appearance in the press in January to insist that the company does not help Beijing in spying.
What do phone companies think?
Telecom companies have warned of costs that would go up if Huawei ran out of equipment supply 5G. Any ban on Huawei will have a “big impact” on the costs of European operators, implementing 5G and generating “a significant delay,” Vodafone Group Plc Nick Read CEO said in January.
What else is at stake?
A provider with the first 5G Phones network can turn on instant sales and get reputation support. In the five years since Verizon was the first to launch 4G LTE service in 2010, its average new subscriber increased from 41% to 41%. Companies that have patented 5G Phones standards can earn only billions of dollars on license fees. According to Bloomberg Intelligence, Qualcomm will receive a maximum fee of $ 13 per 5G phone, the maximum Ericsson value is $ 5 per device, and Nokia’s limit is € 3 (about $ 3.50) per device. Anyone who wants a 5G mobile phone will need a new phone.
Are you still in use?
The first of the fifth generation mobile 5G phones in the market this year is due to be launched by companies such as Samsung Electronics Co, Huawei, LG Corp, Lenovo Group Ltd and OnePlus. Wireless service providers in many countries are expected to launch mobile services later in 2019 and more widely in 2020. At the same time, companies such as Verizon Communications Inc and AT & T Inc. Already called so fast wireless services that connect to devices that combine the functionality of the mobile modem with the router. It allows the user access to 5G services from a fixed location, such as office or home. Airlines in South Korea launched similar devices. South Korea will be the first country to offer 5G service nationwide.
When will the new fifth generation be natural?
Not for a moment, even if you live in one of the countries where operators are busy deploying 5G services (US, South Korea, Japan and China all refer to primary business networks), it will be at least two years before the geographical reach is large enough to allow you to use 5G phone without having to rely on current wireless standards for most of the time.