Next generation telecommunications networks (5g) will reach the market for 2020. Beyond speed enhancements, 5g Technology is expected to unleash a massive ecosystem in which networks can serve the communication needs of billions of connected devices, with the right balances between speed, latency, and costs.
The next (5th) generation wireless network will deal with evolution outside the mobile internet to Massive Destiny (Internet of Things) for the 2019/2020 horizon. The major evolution compared to today’s 4g and 4.5 G (Advanced LTE) is that beyond data rate improvements, new batch and critical communication usage cases require new types of better performance. For example, “Low latency ” is what provides real-time interactivity for services that use the Cloud: This is the key to the success of auto-driving cars, for example. In addition, low power consumption is what will allow connected objects to work for months or years without the need for human help.
Unlike current batch services that make the trade-offs of performance to the best of current wireless technologies (3g, 4g, WiFi, Bluetooth, ZigBee, etc…), 5g networks will be designed to the level of performance needed For Massive Destiny. It will allow a connected world to be fully ubiquitously observed.
5G Technology is driven by 8 specification requirements:-
- Up to 10Gbps Data Rate-> 10 to 100x improves over 4g and 4.5 G 1 millisecond latency networks
- 1000x bandwidth per unit area
- Up to 100x number of devices connected per area unit (compared to 4g LTE)
- 999% availability 100% coverage 90% reducing network power consumption up to 10 years battery life for low power consumption devices
- When is 5g Technology coming? Where is 5g Technology in terms of normalization and how long will it last?
- ITU-R launched “IMT for 2020 and then ” At 2012, setting the stage for 5g
- Japan and Korea began working on 5g requirements in 2013
- NTT DoCoMo has first experimental tests of 5g in 2014
- Samsung, Huawei and Ericsson started prototyping in 2013
- South Korea SK Telecom plans to demo 5g at 2018 at the Pyeongchang Winter Olympics
- Ericsson and TeliaSonera plan to make commercial service available in Stockholm and Talinn at the end of 2018
- Japan goal is to establish 5g Technology for the 2020 Tokyo Summer Olympics.
What are the Applications of 5g Technology for Smart Phone operators?
- 5g is still a mobile broadband technology and is a network of networks. MNOs experience and knowledge in the construction and operation of networks will be the key to the success of 5g.
- In addition to providing network services, MNOs will be able to develop and exploit new batch services.
- The implementation of the 5g Technology networks, maintaining the 3g and 4g networks in operation, will probably lead to a new challenge for MNOs with respect to the capacity of the frequencies in the spectrum (especially if the mass volume expected in the batch occurs). MNOs will have to work then new spectrum in the range of 6 to 300 GHz, which means massive investments in the network infrastructure.
- In order to achieve the 1ms latency target, the 5g Technology networks involve connectivity to the base station using optical fibers.
- On the cost savings side, 5g nets are planned to be able to support virtual networks such as low power transfer performance (LPLT) networks for low cost much. Unlike today, where LORA networks address it requires, separated from 4g.